Categories of Disability

Wikipedia does a fine job.  Please read the entire page.  It is tremendously helpful.

"Disability" can be broken into a number of broad sub-categories, which include the following:

Physical impairments affecting movement, such as post-polio syndrome, spina bifida, cerebral palsy, spinal cord injury to name a few.

Sensory impairments, such as visual, hearing, taste and smell impairments.

Cognitive impairments such as autism, down syndrome, cerebral palsy, intellectual disability, brain injury, spina bifida and stroke to name a few.

Emotional impairments such as depression, schizophrenia, bi-polar and borderline personality disorder to name a few.